A geography of central america

Describe the physical geography of Mexico, identifying the core and peripheral areas. Outline the socioeconomic classes in Mexico and explain the ethnic differences of each. Understand how the drug cartels have become an integrated part of the Mexican economy and political situation.

A geography of central america

Central America is an isthmus, or land bridgethat unites the two continents of North and South America. It consists of seven countries: Except for Belize, all of these countries were first settled by the Spanish in the early s and remained part of the Spanish colonial empire until they revolted for independence in The culinary history of the three-hundred-year colonial period has not been studied as thoroughly as it has in Mexico or in South Americain part because many documents relating to the area are housed in Spain rather than in local archives.

A geography of central america

Furthermore, while Central America attempted to unite politically following independence, that effort eventually failed. This political fragmentation has left a distinctive imprint on the culinary profile of the region. In spite of this, however, there are certain unifying features.

Common Features Geographically, the countries have a great abundance of volcanoes. This has had an important influence on the cuisine because the volcanoes have fertilized the soil with mineral nutrients that have made this one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world.

The gold the Spanish conquistadors had hoped to find was made up for by an exquisite natural beauty and an abundance of unusual food plants, both cultivated and wild. Due to this rich soil, the region has become a center of coffee production.

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Another unifying feature is the composition of the people themselves. The population of Central America consists mainly of four groups: Throughout much of the region, African populations are concentrated along the Atlantic coastline, while mestizos populate the Pacific side.

The central area of the isthmus is home to a lush rainforest sparsely populated by small groups of indigenous tribes. The African population descends mainly from runaway slaves who escaped from Jamaica and neighboring Caribbean islands.

They have preserved a dialect of English infused with African vocabulary. This group has made Central America more diverse in language as well as in cookery, since its cooks have blended together African and indigenous food preferences. One of the typical ingredients is coconut: Except for smaller indigenous tribes like the Miskitos of central Nicaragua, coconut is not widely favored by the other ethnic groups.

In terms of cookery, the mestizos have mixed traditional indigenous dishes, mainly preparations of Mayan origin, with old Spanish prototypes, but in some instances the two cooking traditions have been kept separate.

The smaller indigenous tribes still remaining in Central America rely mainly on hunting and gathering and have not influenced the cookery as much as larger groups, such as the Mayans. One of the characteristics of all Central American cooking is the use of fresh ingredients, from fresh meats and vegetables, to tortillas and breads made to order, even dairy products prepared the same day.

The markets abound with the sweet aromas of tropical fruits and vegetables displayed in an endless sea of colors. The market is especially important as a stage for lively social exchange, and since the cooking traditions of Central America are mostly oral rather than based on cookbooks, recipe discussions in the marketplace serve as a major conduit for ideas and the comparison of family cooking preferences.

Oral tradition is a key to understanding Central American cookery: In middle-or upper-class families, it is customary to have an in-house cook, but someone in the family is assigned the task of teaching the cook the way a dish should be prepared.

Special instruction and attention are required for dishes that have been handed down within the family and are usually prepared only on special occasions. Although the choice of recipe ingredients may vary within each country and family, there are still quite a few standard national dishes that have been maintained over a long period of time and have not undergone much variation.The largest country in Central America is the Republic of Nicaragua.

The country has an area of 49, square miles, making it about half the size of the state of New York. Nicaragua is bordered by Costa Rica to the south, the Caribbean Sea to the east, the .

central america. Central America is an isthmus, or land bridge, that unites the two continents of North and South America. It consists of seven countries: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

Unit 6 Geography of Caribbean and Latin America Unit 7 History of the Caribbean and Latin America Unit 8 Civic, Governments, Political developments in the Caribbean and Latin America Unit 9 Economics Systems in Latin America and the Caribbean Geography Games: ā€¨South and Central America .

Geography is History: Locate the Countries of Central America ELEMENTARY (GRADE 4+), MIDDLE AND HIGH SCHOOL This interactive map lesson provides students with clues based on the history and geography of Central America so that they can find and remember the location of each country.

In this unit we will study Latin America, its land and history. We will learn about current and ancient civilizations in Mexico, Central American and the Caribbean Islands and South America though maps, sharing, activities, charts and graphs, videos, and reading.

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Central America