Organizers Questioned, Activists Put at Risk Summary Religious figures, the government, your parents—they all want to have a say in what you do between your legs. I will defend those rights. Despite state-sponsored repression and social stigma, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT people in the Middle East and North Africa are finding ways to speak out. They are telling their stories, building alliances, networking across borders, developing national and regional movements, and finding creative ways to combat homophobia and transphobia.
Cherif BassiouniProfessor of Law Jan 24, An important Hadith saying of the Prophet is that religion is not what one formally or ritualistically practices but how one deals with others. It is reported that the Prophet once entered a mosque and saw at prayer a venerable old man with a long white beard.
He was told that the man was in the mosque all day long, worshipping and dispensing the words of Allah to others.
The Prophet then asked how he earned his living and was told that a merchant, not known for his piety, supported him. The Prophet remarked that of the two, the merchant was indeed the more worthy.
The Prophet once said, "If someone among you sees wrong he must right it by his hand if he can deed, conduct, action. If he cannot, then by his tongue speak up, verbally oppose ; if he cannot, then by his gaze silent expression of disapproval ; and if he cannot, then in his heart.
The last is the minimum expression of his conviction faith, courage.
A view inside the ninth-century Karaouine Mosque, Fez, Morocco. By no means shall ye attain righteousness unless ye give freely of that which ye love; and whatever ye give, of a truth God knoweth it well. Islam, founded on individual and collective morality and responsibility, introduced a social revolution in the context in which it was first revealed.
Leaders are responsible for the application of these principles and are accountable to God and man for their administration.
It is reported that a man went to Umar, the second khalifa, to talk to him. Umar asked the man if what he wanted to discuss was personal. The man said that it was, and Umar extinguished the candle so as not burn public funds for a private purpose.
Leaders in Islam, whether heads of state or heads of family or private enterprise, have a higher burden or responsibility than others.
There is a relation in Islam between individual responsibility and the rights and privileges derived from membership in the community. Individual obligations must be met before one can claim a portion from the community of which he is part.
Each member of a society must fulfill his own obligations and rely on others to fulfill theirs before that society can acquire the necessary reservoir of social rights and privileges which can then be shared by all. And to be firm and patient, in pain or suffering and adversity, And throughout all periods of panic.
Such are the people of truth, the God-fearing. It is because of that concept that Islam under the Sunni tradition does not have an ordained clergy.
There is a direct relationship between every man and his Creator, and there can be no intermediary. This particular closeness between the individual and God is paramount in belief as well as in practice. It is frequently argued that Islam is not a religion that provides for full equity among Muslims.
Indeed, because Islam makes distinctions between men and women; not all rights and privileges available to men are available to women. For example, a male Muslim inherits twice the share of the female, but then a male relative has the financial responsibility to care for a needy female relative.
Custody of children from a divorce is given the mother, boys till age 9 and girls till age Thereafter custody reverts to the father, provided that he is fit.
However, the fact that there is not absolute parity in all rights and privileges does not mean that women do not share an overall equality with men. It must also be noted that certain social practices in some Muslim countries are not required by Islam, but have simply evolved in the course of time as a result of indigenous cultural factors.
Islam differentiates between Muslims and non-Muslims and between the "People of the Book" dhimmi and others.
Only Muslims have the right to elect the khalifa. In judicial matters the oath of the Muslim prevails over that of the non-Muslim.
There are therefore some differences between males and females in Islam, between Muslims and Dhimmis, and Muslims and non-Dhimmis.
One of almost mosques on the Tunisian island of Jerba. These glimmering, whitewashed structures dominate the landscape, their colors shift with the changing light, and their flights of architectural fantasy seem to come in an infinite variety."The most perfect of the believers in faith is the best of them in moral excellence, and the best of you are the kindest of you to their wives." The Prophet's Hadith The Qur'an, of course, acknowledges and makes provision for differences between men and women.
Jun 18, · The Middle East Quarterly, founded in , has become America's most authoritative journal of Middle Eastern affairs.
Policymakers, opinion-makers, academics, and journalists turn first to the Quarterly, for in-depth analysis of the rapidly-changing landscape of the world's most volatile region. Essays on education inequality in the middle east.
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The Ethics of Research in the Middle East. Country analysis of North Africa in regards to military expenditures and arms transfers, major arms and zone, conventional forces, and qualitative trends in the military balance in the Middle East.