Telemachus King of Ithaca, husband of Penelope, and father of Telemachus, former commander in the Trojan War, Odysseus is the flawed, beloved hero of this tale of homecoming and revenge.
Memory and Grief Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Odyssey, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Odysseus is cunning, or clever, in many instances throughout his journey; one needs cleverness in order to survive in this ancient world of gods and monsters.
As part of his cunning, Odysseus often disguises his identity — sometimes in order to survive a dangerous trial, as when he claims to be called Nobody in the cave of the Cyclops Polyphemus, and sometimes in order to achieve a goal, as when he assumes the appearance of a beggar upon his return to Ithaca he also disguises himself as a beggar as part of a military maneuver in Troy: Odysseus is also cunning in his capacity to separate his feelings from his actions.
A "cunning tactician," he often chooses his actions based on previously formed plans rather than on present feelings. When Odysseus watches the Cyclops eat his companions, he does not charge at the Cyclops in blind rage and grief: Just like in his encounter with the suitors in the second half of the book, he postpones the revenge he craves.
The characters of the Odyssey need cunning, disguise, and self-restraint to survive the trials of the gods and achieve glory. How often theme appears:The The Odyssey quotes below are all either spoken by Odysseus or refer to Odysseus.
For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one:). Note: all page numbers and citation info for the quotes below refer. Odysseus has the defining character traits of a Homeric leader: strength, courage, nobility, a thirst for glory, and confidence in his authority.
His most distinguishing trait, however, is his sharp intellect. Some important themes in the Odyssey include revenge, respect for the gods, brains over brawns and others.
Learn more about this epic narrative by understanding how these major themes . In the Odyssey there are several examples of the theme of intellect versus strength. In book eight Odysseus' looks are insulted by Broadsea, a Phaeacian who is partaking in the games held by king Alcinous.
Reality. The theme of appearance versus reality is at the core of the relationship between Athena and Odysseus. Athena is the maven of makeovers.
Her most memorable illusions in The Odyssey are disguises for herself or Odysseus. At the beginning of the epic, she appears to Telemachus as Mentes, king of the Taphians, an . Appearance vs. Reality. The theme of appearance versus reality is at the core of the relationship between Athena and Odysseus.
Athena is the maven of makeovers. Her most memorable illusions in The Odyssey are disguises for herself or Odysseus.
At the beginning of the epic, she appears to Telemachus as Mentes, king of the Taphians, an old friend of his father who has just stopped to visit in Ithaca.