Aphrodite fulfilled her promise and, before too long, Helen eloped with Paris from her royal court in Sparta to the Trojan palace. After the diplomatic attempts to settle the dispute early on yielded no result, the Greek forces surrounded the city of Troy and held it under siege for a decade.
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This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of The Trojan War: A New History by Barry Strauss. Strauss focuses his book on one of the most famous conflicts in human history, the source of legends and many debates over whether events actually happened as described in The Iliad.
Although most historians believed Troy to be a minor player in history that never had a chance against the Greeks, we now know that Troy was a large and prosperous city just as Homer described.
Strauss goes into detail on what was likely the culmination of a long feud over power, territory, and honor and brings the conflict to life in detail. A New History is considered to be one of the most detailed and historically accurate works on the Trojan War ever written.
Critically acclaimed by reviewers and historians alike, The Trojan War: A New History is now regularly assigned reading in Ancient History studies.
Divided into an introduction, eleven chapters, and a conclusion, The Trojan War: A New History begins with Strauss laying out the new archaeological evidence supporting the existence of Troy, and proving that it was a powerful city-state that posed a legitimate threat to Greece.
Rather than being a simple series of duels, the Trojan War was more likely a long, ongoing conflict. Wife-stealing was not uncommon, and rather than being a single incident, the kidnapping of a Greek noblewoman was the inciting spark that led Greece to unite to take on and plunder Troy.
Chapter two looks at the Greek military machine, the hierarchy of their armies, as well as the mighty black ships that set sail from Troy carrying five hundred men apiece.
Chapter three describes the landing of the Greeks and the formations of their armies. While Troy was a seaport, they were not used to fighting at sea and were likely taken by surprise.
This chapter also goes into the land weapons the Greeks used, such as the chariot. Chapter four looks into the diplomacy attempted between Greece and Troy, as Greece was obligated to give Troy a chance to return what it took.
King Priam, fearing looking weak, refused, and that launched the full war. Chapter five focuses on the most iconic warrior of Troy, Achilles, who is said to have destroyed twenty-three cities in his raids.
Although Achilles was a ruthless warrior, his travels left Troy less well defended. Chapter eight focuses on famous duels between major players in the war, including Paris and Menelaus, and looks at ancient Greek medicine designed to stem battlefield infections.
After a burial ceasefire, chapter nine looks at battles at night, as the Trojans begin to press their advantage in the war. Chapter ten features the death of Hector, the introduction of Odysseus to the battle, and the most famous death of the saga as Achilles meets his end when he forces his way inside the walls of Troy.
The theft of the palladium of the Trojans is considered to be a turning point in the battle, although Strauss stresses that it may have been a false palladium stolen. Chapter eleven deals with the image most people are familiar with in the Trojan War—the famous Trojan horse.
Although most scholars do not believe the Trojan horse as described is plausible, Strauss emphasized that the Greeks likely were able to sneak inside the walls of Troy, likely with the help of spies and traitors from within Troy. In the end, although he concedes that Homer clearly embellished and fictionalized elements of the Trojan War, Strauss states that its depiction was largely faithful to Bronze Age warfare.
An expert on ancient military history, he has written or co-written ten books and edited two. He is considered one of the foremost experts today on the history of warfare. Copyright Super Summary.The goddess Athena, however, who favours the Greeks, soon provokes a Trojan truce-breaking and battle begins anew.
The Greek hero Diomedes, strengthened by Athena, drives the Trojans before him but, in his arrogance and blood-lust, strikes and injures Aphrodite. In her portrayal of the Trojan War, Hamilton borrows from Homer’s Iliad, Apollodorus, Greek tragedies, and Virgil's Aeneid.
The war has its roots in the wedding of King Peleus and the sea- nymph Thetis. For the most part, they comprehend the plot of the stories they are reading and are keeping track of the many characters that inhabit myths – gods, goddesses, humans, and creatures (both real and imagined).
The Trojan War is the most famous of all Greek conflicts, and the Iliad perhaps the most famous literary work from ancient Greece.
As we might expect, this story touches on all the major themes of the myths: hospitality, love, obedience to the gods and to the moral code, and the immutability of fate. The Trojan War Essay Examples.
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1. Discuss the differences between pure myth, heroic saga, the folk tale, the romance, and the symbolic tale. What unity does the tale of the Trojan War.