To explore and discover ideas used in the ongoing processes. To examine cause and effect relationship between variables. Methods Non-structured techniques like In-depth interviews, group discussions etc.
There are different methods of collecting data, and there are different types of data collected. The different types of data are primary, secondary, qualitative, or quantitative.
In this article we will focus on qualitative and quantitative data and their differences. Statistics Statistics is basically the study of data.
Statistics is either descriptive or inferential. Descriptive data is the study of methods used for the collection of data and mathematical models in order to interpret data. Inferential statistics is the study in which different techniques and systems are used to make probability—based predictions and decisions depending on incomplete data.
Statistics uses a lot of mathematics and many major concepts like probability, populations, samples, and distribution, etc. To study statistics, we need to collect data, quantitative as well as qualitative.
Qualitative Data Qualitative data collection is a method in which the characteristics, attributes, properties, qualities, etc.
It is the description of data in a language rather than in numbers.
This method does not measure the characteristics but describes them. It only deals with data that can be observed like texture, taste, smell, beauty, but is not measured.
Qualitative data, in recent years, has lost reliability to some extent and has come under criticism, but they provide a better description and thus have more validity to them. Research uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods because the qualitative data and description backs up the numerical data with the help of better explanations and information.
Quantitative Data Quantitative data collection is a method in which data that can be numerically counted or expressed is collected. This data is useful for experiments, manipulated analysis, etc.
It deals with measurements like height, length, volume, area, humidity, temperature, etc. This type of data is associated with some type of scale measurement.
The most commonly used scale for this data is a ratio scale. Another general scale measurement is the interval scale. Quantitative data is criticized for its lack of in-depth description thus it is used by researchers along with qualitative data to back up its reliability with explanations of the qualitative information.
Qualitative data collection is a method in which the characteristics, attributes, properties, qualities, etc. Qualitative data is criticized for its unreliability so it is backed by quantitative data; quantitative data is criticized for its lack of description and explanation thus it is backed by qualitative data.
Both are used together for research.
If you like this article or our site. Please spread the word.Volume 2, No. 1, Art. 13 – February The Quantitative/Qualitative Debate and Feminist Research: A Subjective View of Objectivity. Nicole Westmarland. Abstract. The research methods are often confused with research methodology, which implies the scientific analysis of the research methods, so as to find a solution to the problem at ashio-midori.com, it seems apt to clarify the differences between research method and research methodology .
Quantitative research is “explaining phenomena by collecting numerical data that are analysed using mathematically based methods (in particular statistics)..
Qualitative research seeks to answer questions about why and how people behave in the way that they ashio-midori.com provides in . Qualitative Methods Quantitative Methods Methods include focus groups, in-depth interviews, and reviews of documents for types of themes.
A Guide to Qualitative Field Research provides readers with clear, practical, and specific instructions for conducting qualitative research in the field. In the expanded Third Edition, Carol A. Bailey gives increased attention to the early and last stages of field research, often the most difficult: selecting a topic, deciding upon the purpose of your research, and writing the final paper, all.
84 PUBLISHING ADDICTION SCIENCE: A GUIDE FOR THE PERPLEXED The first and foremost aim of all social research, quantitative as well as qualitative, is to present a conceptually adequate description of a historically specifictopic, subject or target.