Search What is the Chicago Style Citation? Notes-Bibliography System NB is made up of footnotes or endnotes or bothand a bibliography Author-Date System consists of parenthetical author-date citations and a corresponding reference list including full publication information The style offers academic writers the choice between these two formats; choosing which system you are going to apply to your work will depend on your discipline and the type of sources you are citing. If you are unsure which system you should be using, make sure you consult your tutor before you begin.
Online source Formatting your bibliography While notes and bibliographies contain much of the same information, bibliographic form differs from note form in these ways: Notes are numbered; bibliographies are alphabetized. The author's last name appears first Smith, Betty in a bibliography.
Notes use commas and parentheses to separate items; a bibliography uses periods. Put one space—not two—after each period in a bibliographic entry. Notes indicate specific pages from which you took information; a bibliography lists entire books or a complete chapter or article to which you referred.
The first line of each note is indented 5 spaces and subsequent lines return to the left margin. The first line of a bibliographic entry begins at the left margin and all the other lines are indented 5 spaces.
In either note or bibliographic form, if the author's name or the title or other item is missing, simply go on to the next item as it should appear. When alphabetizing, use the author's last name for your entry; if it is not given, simply go on to the next item in order the title of the book or article, for example and use that to alphabetize the entry.
Sample bibliography A sample bibliography follows. Notice the form and order of the entries as well as the punctuation and arrangement within the entries.
Don't use boxes around each entry, however. The entries are the same as those used in the notes. Works Cited Boyer, Paul S. University of Wisconsin Press, Last modified May 9, Mastering the Art of French Cooking.
Central Intelligence Agency, Madison, WI, 20 April Encyclopedia Britannica Company, Gates, Henry Louis, and Nellie Y. The Everyday Writing Center. Utah State University Press, Generate a Bibliography, In-Text Citations or Other Elements in APA Style!
APA is known as the American Psychological Association. But students all around the world know this abbreviation as a separate academic referencing style. What is the Chicago Style Citation?
Chicago citations are used by students, writers and researchers worldwide to acknowledge the use of other people’s words and ideas in their written work, thereby lending credibility to their statements and conclusions without committing plagiarism. You are citing in Chicago Manual of Style 16th.
If you're looking for the 17th Edition. Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources.
Source citations in the Turabian manual come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography (or simply notes) and (2) author-date. These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in The Chicago Manual of Style..
If you already know which system to use, follow one of the . For the detailed information on citing sources using MLA style with many more examples, please use the official MLA Handbook. All information relating to MLA style as presented on this Web site has been based on this authoritative publication from the Modern Language Association of America.