As he road into Damascus a light shined on him from heaven which caused him to fall to the ground.
Essays in the Philosophy of Religion Published: December 13, Philip L. Reviewed by Robert C. Roberts, Baylor University This book is a posthumous collection of some of the best papers of a distinguished, many-sided philosopher of religion, edited by one of his last students.
The foreword is a humorous, piquant, and appreciative personal reminisence by Eleonore Stump. Miller's introduction gives the gist, and in some cases reviews the polemical background, of each of the papers.
The book Essays on philosophy of religion six sections: Quinn argues first that the conclusion does not follow, because it is possible either that God issues no commands or that the commands he issues are consistent with the conscience of a morally autonomous agent.
Rachels might respond that the theist's reliance on his rational moral intuitions in judging whether or not to obey a purported command of God is itself a violation of the attitude of worship, because in relying on his own intuitions the theist is making his obedience to God conditional and thus not truly worshipful.
If so, says Quinn, Rachels would be confusing placing moral conditions on one's obedience to God with placing epistemic conditions on one's judgment about whether a purported command of God actually was a command.
But, Rachels might say, surely God could command anything, and thus might command that the human agent relinquish his moral autonomy; this possibility shows that worship of God is in principle inconsistent with our moral autonomy.
Quinn responds that the theist can deny that God could command just anything, since the idea of God is that of a morally perfect being. Still, dilemmas between one's moral beliefs and what one has good reason to suppose God is commanding seem empirically possible consider, for example, Abraham, who might well think that killing one's children is wrong yet is faced with a purported command to kill his son Isaac.
One can easily resolve such a dilemma by denying, of any purported command to do what seems inconsistent with one's considered moral sense, that it is really a command of God.
But alternatively, the theist may think that if God commands a person to do what appears to him wrong, he may in fact be wrong about the apparent wrongness. If the person acts on the judgment that his sense of the act's wrongness should be overridden, he does so with moral autonomy from "within his own conceptual framework" p.
Lastly, Quinn explores some possible conceptions of subservient obedient and autonomous motivationally correct that might conflict and thus create trouble for the theist who wishes to endorse human subservience to God's will without undermining moral autonomy. He briefly attempts to show that such conceptions would entail morally unpalatable assumptions.
Quinn begins "Divine Commands: A Causal Theory" by rejecting metaethical divine command theories according to which the meaning of 'x is morally required' for example is identical with that of 'God commands x. Quinn instead constructs a normative divine command theory according to which x is morally required for example because and only because God commands x he states this view more formally than I do here.
Most of the paper consists in answering possible objections to this theory. The paper's goal is the modest one of showing "that a reasonable person would, other things being equal, not be completely justified in regarding the theory … as false" Quinn discusses the following objections.
If the theory is right, we have to know what God commands before we can tell right from wrong, which is absurd. The theory isn't about how we know what is right, but about how what is right gets to be right.
The theory provides no decision procedure in ethics. It wasn't designed to do so. If moral principles are based on religious truths, then all the difficulties of achieving agreement in religion will likewise appear in ethics.
One consequence of Quinn's causal divine command theory is that if either God does not exist, or God exists but commands nothing, then all actions are morally permitted.
But it seems that not all actions are morally permitted. It follows then that God exists and issues commands. So Quinn's theory is unpalatable to atheists, at least to ones who aren't moral nihilists. This would be a problem for Quinn's theory only if it were proven that God doesn't exist, and this has not been done.
Since the principle is problematic, it raises no serious difficulty for the divine command theory. This is the most troubling objection for Quinn's theory.This volume brings together fourteen of the best papers by the late Philip Quinn, one of the world's leading philosophers of religion.
It covers the following topics: religious epistemology, religious ethics, religion and tragic dilemmas, religion and political liberalism, topics in . Philosophy of Religion. In the book of Acts chapter 9, verses the text speaks of the life altering experience that Saul undergoes while traveling into the city of Damascus.
As he road into Damascus a light shined on him from heaven which caused him to fall to the ground/5(1). The chapter on religious diversity addresses the question why this issue has gained importance in modern period. The core topics included in this book are the relationship between religion and philosophy, the existence of God, religion and morality, the problem of evil, death and afterlife and the problem of religious diversity.
Christian B. Miller's introduction gives the gist, and in some cases reviews the polemical background, of each of the papers. The book has six sections: religious ethics, religion and tragic dilemmas, religious epistemology, religion and political liberalism, topics in Christian philosophy, and religious diversity.
Introduction Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, .
Essay topics in this lesson will cover philosophy of religion. Philosophy of Religion The dogma and tenets of many different religions also work as philosophical musings on life, spirituality, and the connection between the natural world and the supernatural.