Essays on the anglo-saxon chronicles

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Reading the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle:

Essays on the anglo-saxon chronicles

The fragment [H] cannot be reliably positioned in the chart. Other related texts are also shown. The diagram shows a putative original, and also gives the relationships of the manuscripts to a version produced in the north of England that did not survive but which is thought to have existed.

The manuscripts are all thought to derive from a common original, but the connections between the texts are more complex than simple inheritance via copying. The diagram at right gives an overview of the relationships between the manuscripts.

The following is a summary of the relationships that are known. However, the scribe for [C] also had access to another version, which has not survived. This manuscript was composed at the monastery in Peterboroughsome time after a fire there in that probably destroyed their copy of the Chronicle; [E] appears to have been created thereafter as a copy of a Kentish version, probably from Canterbury.

Asser's Life of King Alfred, which was written inincludes a translation of the Chronicle's entries from to Only [A], of surviving manuscripts, could have been in existence bybut there are places where Asser departs from the text in [A], so it is possible that Asser used a version that has not survived.

This work includes material from a copy of the Chronicle, but it is very difficult to tell which version because the annalist was selective about his use of the material. It may have been a northern recensionor a Latin derivative of that recension.

Hence the error and the missing sentence must have been introduced in separate copying steps, implying that none of the surviving manuscripts are closer than two removes from the original version. Winchester Chronicle[ edit ] [A]: The Winchester or Parker Chronicle is the oldest manuscript of the Chronicle that survives.

Essays on the anglo-saxon chronicles

It was begun at Old Minster, Winchestertowards the end of Alfred's reign. The manuscript begins with a genealogy of Alfred, and the first chronicle entry is for the year 60 BC.

The first scribe's hand is dateable to the late 9th or very early 10th century; his entries cease in lateand the following entries were made at intervals throughout the 10th century by several scribes. The eighth scribe wrote the annals for the years —, and was clearly at Winchester when he wrote them since he adds some material related to events there; he also uses ceaster, or "city", to mean Winchester.

The book, which also had a copy of the Laws of Alfred and Ine bound in after the entry forwas transferred to Canterbury some time in the early 11th century, [7] as evidenced by a list of books that Archbishop Parker gave to Corpus Christi. The additional entries appear to have been taken from a version of the manuscript from which [E] descends.

After this comes the Latin Acta Lanfranci, which covers church events from — This is followed by a list of popes and the Archbishops of Canterbury to whom they sent the pallium.

The manuscript was acquired by Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury — [7] and master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridgefollowing the dissolution of the monasteriesand bequeathed to the college on his death. It now forms part of the Parker Library.

The Chronicle takes up folios 1— A manuscript that is now separate British Library MS. Cotton Tiberius Aiii, f. Shortly after this it went to Canterbury, where interpolations and corrections were made.

As with [A], it ends with a list of popes and the archbishops of Canterbury to whom they sent the pallium. This entry is fora year of battles between Wessex and the Vikings. The manuscript continues to and stops in the middle of the description of the Battle of Stamford Bridge.

In the 12th century a few lines were added to complete the account. After it includes some records from Worcesterso it is generally thought to have been composed there.

JEGP, Journal of English and Germanic Philology

Five different scribes can be identified for the entries up toafter which it appears to have been worked on at intervals. The text includes material from Bede's Ecclesiastical History and from a set of 8th-century Northumbrian annals.

It is thought that some of the entries may have been composed by Archbishop Wulfstan.


From tothe sees of York and Worcester were both held by the same person— Oswald fromEaldwulf fromand Wulfstan fromand this may explain why a northern recension was to be found at Worcester.

By the 16th century, parts of the manuscript were lost; eighteen pages were inserted containing substitute entries from other sources, [7] including [A], [B], [C] and [E].Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Aethelred personally was always involved to be blamed and held responsible for the political issues and crisis as is mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which is written by a single man after his death and the Chronicle is basically the result of .

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons. The original manuscript of the Chronicle was created late in the 9th century, probably in Wessex, during the reign of Alfred the Great (r. –). Multiple copies were made of that one original and then distributed to monasteries across England, where they were independently updated.

Anglo-Saxon - History Essays - Essays Examples for Any Topic From Anglo-Saxon - History Essays - Essays Examples for Any Topic From following the collapse of the Roman Empire, is taken from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, and is how the later Anglo-Saxons saw thefirst arrival of their people.

Since then, until quite. (The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1) The Chronicle is a year by year account of all major happenings, important battles, the rise and fall of bishops, and other major events.

(Brown 9) The Chronicle begins with the coming of the first Saxons, Hengist and Horsa in . Pauline Stafford is Professor Emerita of Early Medieval History at Liverpool University in England. Her work focuses on the history of women and gender in England from the eighth to the early twelfth centuries, and on the same topics in Frankish history during the eighth and ninth centuries.

Barbara Yorke’s ‘The Representation of Early West Saxon History in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle’ is the first of five history essays. In a stimulating and somewhat controversial essay she argues that a core of annals were kept in Wessex before the commencement of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in the late ninth century, but these core annals were.

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