The ethnic Chinese had pushed them back around the second millennium b. The first Burman center developed in the rice-growing Kyawkse Plain at the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Chindwin Rivers. According to the local chronicles, Pagan began as a group of 19 villages, each having its nat, or local spirit, which were later fused into a cult of a common spirit.
Upali recited the monastic code, Vinaya, as he remembered it. The monks debated details and voted on final versions. These were then committed to memory by other monks, to be translated into the many languages of the Indian plains.
It should be noted that Buddhism remained an oral tradition for over years after the first council, for the simple reason that India did not as yet have an alphabet.
In the next few centuries, the original unity of Buddhism began to fragment. The most significant split occurred after the second council, held at Vaishali years after the first.
Ultimately, 18 schools developed, each with their own interpretations of various issues, and spread all over India and Southeast Asia. Today, only the school stemming from the Sri Lankan Theravadan survives.
One of the most significant events in the history of Buddhism is the chance encounter of the monk Nigrodha and the emperor Ashoka Maurya. Ashoka, succeeding his father after a bloody power struggle in bc, found himself deeply disturbed by the carnage he caused while suppressing a revolt in the land of the Kalingas.
Meeting Nigrodha convinced Emperor Ashoka to devote himself to peace. On his orders, thousands of rock pillars were erected, bearing the words of the Buddha, in the new brahmi script, the first written evidence of Buddhism.
There is a story that tells about a poor young boy who, having nothing to give the Buddha as a gift, collected a handful of dust and innocently presented it.
The Buddha smiled and accepted it with the same graciousness he accepted the gifts of wealthy admirers. That boy, it is said, was reborn as the Emperor Ashoka. Ashoka sent missionaries all over India and beyond. Some went as far as Egypt, Palestine, and Greece.
Origen even mentions them as having reached Britain. A Kushan king of north India named Kanishka was also converted, and a council was held in Kashmir in about ad.
Greek Buddhists there recorded the Sutras on copper sheets which, unfortunately, were never recovered. It is interesting to note that there is a saint in Orthodox Christianity named Josaphat, an Indian king whose story is essentially that of the Buddha.
Josaphat is thought to be a distortion of the word bodhisattva. Emperor Ashoka sent one of his sons, Mahinda, and one of his daughters, Sanghamitta, a monk and a nun, to Sri Lanka, Ceylon, around the year bc. The king of Sri Lanka, King Devanampiyatissa, welcomed them and was converted.
One of the gifts they brought with them was a branch of the bodhi tree, which was successfully transplanted.Burma covers an area of , square kilometres of which land borders comprises of 5, km and 1, by it s coastline.
Its capital Rangoon also known as Yangon is located in the south of this country. Is Burma and Myanmar the same? Yes Burma is also known as Myanmar. Although even today it is debatable as to what the officially name should be.
The history of Buddhism is also characterized by the development of numerous movements, schisms, and schools, among them the Theravāda, Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna traditions, with contrasting periods of expansion and retreat. Theravada Buddhism in Burma initially coexisted with other forms of Buddhism and other religions.
Buddhism is practiced by almost 90 percent of Myanmar religion Burma's population, with the Myanmar Theravada Buddhism School being the most prevalent. It has a firm hold in Myanmar's culture along with an observance of animism, or the worship of ancestors (nat). The history of Buddhism also show that there are movements and it was developed into many divisions, such as Theravada, Mahayana, etc.
The spread of Buddhism In northern India, by the time of Buddha’s death, he was about eighty years old; the Buddha’s followers organize the communities of monks. The Impact Of Theravada Buddhism On Myanmar Words | 6 Pages.
and spread to Laos, Myanmar, and Cambodia, and has influence in the West today.
In the eleventh century C.E., King Anawratha established The Myanmas kingdom, it was at this time that he converted to Theravada Buddhism, despite a large Tantric Buddhist population in the kingdom. Pp. (2), Stiff printed black wrappers, lettered in gilt on the spine and front cover, 8vo.
Than Tun is a Burmese scholar who has written widely in Burmese and in English on the history of Buddhism in Burma (now Myanmar).Author: Than Tun.