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Advanced Search Abstract Research and innovation in emerging technologies can have great benefits but also raise ethical and social concerns. The current discourse on Responsible Research and Innovation RRI is a novel attempt to come to conceptual and practical ways of dealing with such concerns.
In order to effectively understand and address possible ethical and social issues, stakeholders need to have an understanding of what such issues might be. This article explores ethical issues related to the field of emerging information and communication technologies ICTs.
Based on a foresight study of ICT that led to the identification of eleven emerging technologies, we outline the field of ethical and social issues of these technologies. This overview of possible problems can serve as an important sensitising device to these issues.
We describe how such awareness can contribute to the successful deployment of responsible practice in research and innovation. In addition, investments in ICTs account for 50 per cent of all European productivity growth.
The scope of this expenditure and the social consequences put forth that innovations are likely to have rendered it desirable to have mechanisms that would allow an early identification of social and ethical consequences of emerging ICTs Wright and Friedewald In this framework, the main concepts to apply to ensure RRI are anticipation, reflection, engagement, and action.
In this article, we return to the AREA framework in the discussion of the application of the set of ethical issues of emerging technologies as a way of realising RRI. RRI raises considerable normative and epistemic challenges.
On the one hand, it has to establish what is considered a socially desirable and acceptable direction.
Only with a clear understanding of the social and ethical issues can these be proactively addressed, that is, be anticipated, reflected upon, deliberated with the public and other stakeholders, and be responded to. One key problem that RRI theory and practice face is that proactive governance of research and technology development runs into the problem of the uncertainty of the future.
This is partly based on the fundamental characteristic of the future, which is unknown. This idea has been captured in the debate on interpretive or interpretative flexibility Cadili and Whitley The idea behind this concept is that the characteristics of a technology are not fixed in the technology itself but are subject to the social processes of interpreting and using the technology within a particular context.
While one can argue that all technologies are subject to interpretive flexibility Doherty et al. This article contributes to meeting this challenge by providing decision makers and researchers with a way of sensitising stakeholders involved in RRI in ICT to possible ethical issues.
This increased sensitivity can then be translated into appropriate research policies, programmes, or projects. Drawing on an extensive analysis of emerging ICTs it is found that not only is it hard to establish clear boundaries between ICTs, but that similar types of issues tend to reappear across different ICTs.
Our article is based on the understanding that all knowledge of the future is fallible. This starts from individual researchers who work on such projects and who are involved in project governance to research institutions undertaking such research and goes all the way to national and international research funders and policymakers.
In order to make this argument and provide the evidence to support it, the article begins by clarifying its concepts and methodology.Löscher – still Siemens' CEO – has been commended for his approach to ending corruption, but he has argued that changing the corporate culture to one driven by ethical standards "is a.
This paper posits that ethical dilemma scenarios are a useful instrument to provoke policy‐makers and other stakeholders, to including industry, in considering the privacy, ethical, social and other implications of new and emerging technologies.
Siemens and Long take a positive view of the uses of learning analytics listing extensive possibilities that have the potential to answer the external calls for higher education to prove its value to students.
Because most of Siemens sector is automation, drive technology, energy, financial solution, healthcare, mobility, lighting, IT solutions, consumer products and building technologies.
Therefore, new invention and innovation is an important matter for Siemens. The Ethical Dilemma Siemens has routinely awarded subcontracts to JDS Electrical for jobs all over the state of Colorado as well Wyoming. During one particular contract negotiation, Siemens was put into an ethical dilemma by .
View JHead_Week 8_Case Study 1 and 2_docx from BUSINESS at Loyola University Chicago. CASE STUDY 1: The business background In the .