The exception here is among private-sector nonunion women who have a high school diploma or less education. For this group, annual median wages for much of the past decades have been relatively flat. And bywomen with only a high school diploma or less education had seen their wages drop below levels that prevailed in Yet these explanations ignore a vital contributing factor:
Research programs[ edit ] AEI's research is divided into seven broad categories: UntilAEI's work was divided into economics, foreign policy, and politics and social policy. AEI research is presented at conferences and meetings, in peer-reviewed journals and publications on the institute's website, and through testimony before and consultations with government panels.
Strain directs economic policy studies at AEI.
Throughout the beginning of the 21st-century, AEI staff have pushed for a more conservative approach to aiding the recession that includes major tax-cuts. AEI supported President Bush's tax cuts in and claimed that the cuts "played a large role in helping Harvard institute of economic research discussion paper save the economy from a recession".
AEI also suggested that further taxes were necessary in order to attain recovery of the economy.
An AEI staff member said that the Democrats in congress who opposed the Bush stimulus plan were foolish for doing so as he saw the plan as a major success for the administration.
Wallison warned that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac 's public-private status put taxpayers on the line for increased risk.
Inandhe moderated conferences featuring James B. Lockhart IIIthe chief regulator of Fannie and Freddie  In Augustafter Fannie and Freddie had been backstopped by the US Treasury DepartmentWallison outlined several ways of dealing with the GSEs, including "nationalization through a receivership", outright "privatization", and "privatization through a receivership".
Glenn Hubbardand Aparna Mathur also work on the subject.
Artificial States Harvard Institute of Economic Research Discussion Paper No. , Center for Global Development Working Paper No. Number of pages: 38 Posted: 22 Mar Lawrence Henry Summers (born November 30, ) is an American economist, former Vice President of Development Economics and Chief Economist of the World Bank (–93), senior U.S. Treasury Department official throughout President Clinton's administration (ultimately Treasury Secretary, –), and former director of the National Economic Council for President Obama (–). The primarily objective of the CIK is to encourage and support research and publications, related to management, development, and growth of the ME, CA, and NA regions.
Specific subjects include " income distributiontransition costs, marginal tax rates, and international taxation of corporate income One paper by Hassett and Mathur on the responsiveness of wages to corporate taxation  was cited by The Economist ;  figures from another paper by Hassett and Brill on maximizing corporate income tax revenue  was cited by the Wall Street Journal.
The Center, which no longer exists, sponsored conferences, papers, and books on regulatory decision-making and the impact of federal regulation on consumers, businesses, and governments.
It covered a range of disciplines.
It also sponsored an annual Distinguished Lecture series. According to AEI, it "emphasizes the need to design environmental policies that protect not only nature but also democratic institutions and human liberty".
In an essay from the AEI outlook series ofthe authors discuss the Kyoto Protocol and state that the United States "should be wary of joining an international emissions-trading regime". To back this statement, they point out that committing to the Kyoto emissions goal would be a significant and unrealistic obligation for the United States.
In addition, they state that the Kyoto regulations would have an impact not only on governmental policies, but also the private sector through expanding government control over investment decisions. AEI staff said that "dilution of sovereignty" would be the result if the U.
GreenKevin Hassett, and Steven F. He has hosted conferences on nuclear power  and ethanol   With Aparna Mathur, he evaluated Americans' indirect energy use to discover unexpected areas in which energy efficiencies can be achieved.
Likewise, AEI staff have promoted closer U. John Boltonoften said to be a neoconservative,   has said he is not one, as his primary focus is on American interests, not democracy promotion. A Plan for Success in Iraq calling for "phase one" of a change in strategy to focus on "clearing and holding" neighborhoods and securing the population; a troop escalation of seven Army brigades and Marine regiments; and a renewed emphasis on reconstruction, economic development, and jobs.
According to Bob Woodward" [Peter J. Jack Keanethe former Army vice chief of staff, had briefed the president on December 11 about a new Iraq strategy being proposed by the American Enterprise Institute, the conservative think tank. Bush announced the change of strategy on January 10 the idea having "won additional support among some officials as a result of a detailed study by Gen.
Jack Keane, the former vice chief of staff at the Army, and Frederick W. Kagan, a military specialist, that was published by the American Enterprise Institute". Schmitt directs AEI's Program on Advanced Strategic Studies, which "analyzes the long-term issues that will impact America's security and its ability to lead internationally".H I E R Harvard Institute of Economic Research Discussion Paper Number Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium by Gene M.
. Get Full Text in PDF. Table of Contents. Introduction; Tools and Measures; Measures of National Income; Need for New Theory; Measures and Indicators; Characteristics of a Successful Indicator. H I E R Harvard Institute of Economic Research Discussion Paper Number By March Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts This paper can be downloaded without charge from the.
H I E R Harvard Institute of Economic Research Discussion Paper Number Steady State Learning and the Code of Hammurabi by Drew Fudenberg and David K. Levine. Economic security programs can blunt these negative effects of poverty and bring poor children closer to equal opportunity, numerous studies find.
Disability Insurance is a central component of the Social Security program in the United States. The number of disability insurance recipients rose from under 5 million in to nearly 9 million in , before beginning a gradual decline to just over million today.