Pre BC China is charted mainly by legend and pre-historic evidence. The ancient China era was c.
China is one of the world's four ancient civilizations, and the written history of China dates back to the Shang Dynasty c.
The ancient China era was c.
The imperial era was BC — AD, from China's unification under Qin rule until the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China era was from untiland the modern China era from until the present day.
Read on for a snapshot of China's historical timeline and some key events. Without any reliable historical records, most of what has been pieced together about prehistoric life in China comes from speculation about human activity at archaeological sites and unearthed relics.
The rest comes from what might be truth within Chinese mythology. The Xia Dynasty c. Most of the evidence for the Xia Dynasty, including its name, is perhaps just legend. There was a Bronze Age Yellow River civilization at this time at Erlitou in Henan; however, artifacts don't show conclusively that this was the Xia Dynasty of later writings.
Chinese civilization began along the Yellow River in the Shang era, and spread from there when Bronze Age culture reached its peak.
Then, traditional Chinese philosophies, such as Confucianism and Daoism, developed in the feudal Zhou era as China expanded in territory and population.
Ancient China finally fractured into warring kingdoms for years, and its reunification marked the start of the imperial China age. The Shang Dynasty c. Many bronze objects and jade articles, which date back to BC, have been found to support these early archaeological records.
The earliest form of Chinese writing — oracle bones — was found. The inscriptions on animal bones had pictographic characters.
The Zhou Dynasty BC After the Shang era, the larger Zhou era territory was divided by a network of feudal states and was ruled over by kings. The king of Zhou only had direct control over a small portion of the realm and received tributes from the feudal states.
It was a fairly peaceful time but, after BC, the Zhou king lost his authority and seven prominent states emerged. This era was divided into three periods: It marked the transition from tribal society to feudal society.
Major philosophies and religions emerged that were the basis of Chinese beliefs in later eras, such as Confucianism and Daoism. The imperial China period makes up the bulk of Chinese history.
With the cyclical rise and fall of dynasties, Chinese civilization was cultivated and prospered in times of peace, then reformed after rebellions and conquests.
During this period, a number of institutions were established that laid the foundation of the basic political system for the next 2, years.
The short-lived Qin Dynasty was the first to unite China as a country under an emperor instead of a ruling clan. A bureaucratic government was introduced, and was continued by the less extreme Han Dynasty.Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi answers questions on China's foreign policies and foreign relations at a press conference on the sidelines of the first session of the 13th National People's Congress in Beijing, capital of China, March 8, Communist Foreign Relations.
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