What is an employee handbook? An employee handbook defines your company culture. Great employee handbooks motivate and engage employees.
History[ edit ] Antecedent theoretical developments[ edit ] The Human Resources field evolved first in 18th century in Europe. It built on a simple idea by Robert Owen and Charles Babbage during the industrial revolution. These men concluded that people were crucial to the success of an organization.
They expressed the thought that the well-being of employees led to perfect work; without healthy workers, the organization would not survive.
Taylor explored what he termed "scientific management" others later referred to "Taylorism"striving to improve economic efficiency in manufacturing jobs. He eventually focused on one of the principal inputs into the manufacturing process—labor—sparking inquiry[ by whom?
This movement, on both sides of the Atlantic, built on the research of Elton Mayo and others to document through the Hawthorne studies — and other studies how stimuli, unrelated to financial compensation and working conditions, could yield more productive workers.
Roosevelt and the New Deal had transformed the employer-employee relationship, and the discipline became formalized as " industrial and labor relations ". Corporations began viewing employees as assets. Likewise, other terms sometimes used to describe the field include "organizational management", "manpower management", "talent management", "personnel management", and simply "people management".
In popular media[ edit ] Several popular media productions have depicted HR.
Business function[ edit ] Dave Ulrich lists the functions of HR as: HR also ensures compliance with employment and labor lawswhich differ by geography, and often oversees health, safety, and security. Consequently, HR, usually through representatives, engages in lobbying efforts with governmental agencies e.
Human Resource Management has four basic functions: Staffing is the recruitment and selection of potential employees, done through interviewing, applications, networking, etc. Training and development is the next step in a continuous process of training and developing competent and adapted employees.
Here, motivation is seen as key to keeping employees highly productive. This function can include employee benefits, performance appraisals and rewards.
Some businesses globalize and form more diverse teams. HR departments have the role of making sure that these teams can function and that people can communicate across cultures and across borders. The discipline may also engage in mobility management, especially for expatriates ; and it is frequently involved in the merger and acquisition process.
HR is generally viewed as a support function to the business, helping to minimize costs and reduce risk.
In larger companies, an entire functional group is typically dedicated to the discipline, with staff specializing in various HR tasks and functional leadership engaging in strategic decision-making across the business.
To train practitioners for the professioninstitutions of higher education, professional associationsand companies have established programs of study dedicated explicitly to the duties of the function.
Academic and practitioner organizations may produce field-specific publications.Human Resource Management (HRM) is the process of managing people in organizations in a structured and thorough manner. HR manager is responsible for managing employee expectations vis-à-vis the management objectives.
As supervisors, human resource managers are responsible for the oversight of all employees in the HR department, which includes performance management of HR employees.
For example, they would be in a position to make recommendations to an organization’s leadership based on analyses of worker productivity. Human Resource Management: HR for People Managers Specialization. Become a better manager of people. Develop strategies and skills for hiring, managing performance, and rewarding employees.
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Prefer Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) or Human.
Aug 26, · As of Aug , the average pay for a Human Resources (HR) Manager is $64, annually or $ /hr. Human resources managers plan, direct, and coordinate the administrative functions of an organization. They oversee the recruiting, interviewing, and hiring of new staff; consult with top executives on strategic planning; and serve as a link between an organization’s management and its employees.