Means of parasite population monitoring. But if you are consistent and practice the integrated approach of combining the timely cleaning with the use protective covers for the beds and insecticides, you are guaranteed to succeed. Therefore, do not neglect these simple and banal at a first glance ways.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Carbon dioxide CO2 plays an important role in the host-seeking process of opportunistic, zoophilic and anthropophilic mosquito species and is, therefore, commonly added to mosquito sampling tools. The African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto is attracted to human volatiles augmented by CO2.
This study investigated whether CO2, usually supplied from gas cylinders acquired from commercial industry, could be replaced by CO2 derived from fermenting yeast yeast-produced CO2.
Methods Trapping experiments were conducted in the laboratory, semi-field and field, with An. MM-X traps were baited with volatiles produced by mixtures of yeast, sugar and water, prepared in 1. Catches were compared with traps baited with industrial CO2. The additional effect of human odours was also examined.
In the laboratory and semi-field facility dual-choice experiments were conducted. The effect of traps baited with yeast-produced CO2 on the number of mosquitoes entering an African house was studied in the MalariaSphere. Carbon dioxide baited traps, placed outside human dwellings, were also tested in an African village setting.
In addition, CO2 concentrations produced by yeast-sugar solutions were measured over time. Results Traps baited with yeast-produced CO2 caught significantly more mosquitoes than unbaited traps up to 34 h post mixing the ingredients and also significantly more than traps baited with industrial CO2, both in the laboratory and semi-field.
Adding yeast-produced CO2 to traps baited with human odour significantly increased trap catches. However, traps baited with yeast-produced CO2 caught similar numbers of Anopheles arabiensis as traps baited with industrial CO2.
Addition of human odour increased trap catches. This will significantly reduce costs and allow sustainable mass-application of odour-baited devices for mosquito sampling in remote areas. Background Carbon dioxide CO2a major constituent of vertebrate breath, plays an important role in the host-seeking process of mosquitoes [ 1 - 6 ].
Therefore, the compound is commonly added to traps used for mosquito surveillance [ 7 - 9 ]. Among malaria vectors, opportunistic, zoophilic as well as anthropophilic mosquito species are affected by CO2 [ 24610 - 13 ].
In Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto, an important vector of human malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and considered to be highly anthropophilic [ 14 ], CO2 augments the attractiveness of human odour [ 612 ] and it is an essential cue to lure the female mosquitoes into the vicinity of mosquito traps [ 513 ].
Even though CO2 has a positive effect on the number of mosquitoes that are caught by suction traps, in resource-poor areas, like sub-Saharan Africa, it is hard to obtain CO2 sources that are reliable, cheap, easy to manage and durable.
Propane-powered traps that produce CO2 [ 15 ] are difficult to obtain, heavy and expensive.
The same is true for industrially-acquired CO2, which, packaged in steel cylinders, has the advantage that the release rate of CO2 can be regulated, but leakage at the connections may occur.
In addition, flow meters may be costly and sensitive to dust and high humidity. Dry ice, an alternative source of CO2, is cheap and easier to handle than pressurized CO2 cylinders, but is difficult to obtain and transport in the tropics, besides the need for replenishment on a regular basis.Welcome to the Free E-mail Database.
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Index of articles by issue Not all articles listed are available to read on our website, and many back issues are no longer available in print format. Homemade Mosquito Trap. ashio-midori.com / Modern technology has brought us many benefits, including mosquito traps that cost hundreds of dollars, but sometimes we overlook simple solutions to difficult challenges such as mosquito control.
When it comes to controlling pests, research tends to focus on chemicals or concepts that can be patented. Port Manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two.
Enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs..
For example, enter "giraffe" and you'll get . Oct 25, · Methods. Trapping experiments were conducted in the laboratory, semi-field and field, with An. gambiae s.s. as the target ashio-midori.com-X traps were baited with volatiles produced by mixtures of yeast, sugar and water, prepared in , 5 or 25 L bottles.
Using Indoor Mosquito Traps. Another way to control mosquito populations, aside from mosquito trap DIY, is by using an indoor mosquito trap. An indoor mosquito trap allows you to control the mosquito population within a small, enclosed area, such as a room.