Table of Contents Plot Overview Angels in America focuses on the stories of two troubled couples, one gay, one straight:
Summary[ edit ] The spirits of Werner Heisenberg, Niels Bohr and Bohr's wife Margrethe, meet after their deaths to attempt to answer the question that Margrethe poses in the first line of the play, "Why did he [Heisenberg] come to Copenhagen?
Heisenberg — "No one understands my trip to Copenhagen. To Bohr himself, and Margrethe. To interrogators and intelligence officers, to journalists and historians.
The more I've explained, the deeper the uncertainty has become. Well, I shall be happy to make one more attempt. They discuss the idea of nuclear power and its control, the rationale behind building or not building an atomic bombthe uncertainty of the past and the inevitability of the future as embodiments of themselves acting as particles drifting through the atom that is Copenhagen.
Characters[ edit ] In most dramatic works where the characters are based on real people, there is a point at which the character deviates from the real person. Michael Frayn works to keep this distinction as small as possible. Having studied memoirs and letters and other historical records of the two physicists, Frayn feels confident in claiming that "The actual words spoken by [the] characters are entirely their own.
There is a great amount known about all of the primary characters presented in Copenhagen; the following includes those bits of information which are directly relevant and referenced in the work itself.
The son of a university professor, Heisenberg grew up in an environment with an intense emphasis on academics, but was exposed to the destruction that World War I dealt to Germany at a rather young age.
He married Elisabeth Schumacher, also the child of a professor, and they had seven children. He received his doctorate in from the physicist Arnold Sommerfeldand went to Copenhagen to study quantum mechanics with Niels Bohr inwhen he was 22, and replaced Bohr's assistant, H.
InThe University of Leipzig offered him the opportunity to become Germany's youngest full professor. During the Second World War, Heisenberg worked for Germany, researching atomic technology and heading their nuclear reactor program.
After the war, his involvement with the Nazis earned him certain notoriety in the world of physicists, mainly due to the fact that he could have given Hitler the means to produce and use nuclear arms. He continued his research until his death in in Munich.
Niels Bohr was born inmaking him 38 when Heisenberg first came to work with him. He married Margrethe Norlund in in Copenhagen and together they had six sons, two of whom died.
Harry Lustig notes his biographies that "Most of the world's great theoretical physicists During the war, however, Bohr was living in occupied Denmark and somewhat restricted in his research; he escaped to Sweden injust before an SS sweep which would have incriminated him through his Jewish heritage.
In America, he worked in Los Alamos on the atomic bomb until the end of the war. He died in and was survived by his wife, Margrethe. Margrethe Bohr, known later in her life as Dronning or "Queen" Margrethe, was born in in Denmark. She was closely involved in her husband's work; he would commonly bounce ideas off of her, trying to explain them in "plain language.
Her son Hans wrote, "My mother was the natural and indispensable centre. Father knew how much mother meant to him and never missed an opportunity to show his gratitude and love Her opinions were his guidelines in daily affairs," and this relationship shows in Michael Frayn's dialogue.
Genre[ edit ] Copenhagen cannot be labelled simply as a comedy or tragedy ; the lack of a protagonist and direct conflict prevents this in large part. David Rush explores a subgenre of theatre, a later hybrid form known as "drama," which he describes as a piece which cannot be specifically categorised as a tragedy, but which he notes involves "serious people going about serious business in a serious way.
It is most nearly a "drama," but works in many ways as an expository piece in the manner it presents information to the audience. Style[ edit ] The construction of the plot is non-linear, seeing as it does not exist in time and space.Angels in America Play Analysis I.
Given Circumstances A. Environmental Facts 1. Geographic Location: The play takes place in a multitude of places, the main one being Brooklyn as %(2). The Tony-winning National Theatre revival of Tony Kushner’s Pulitzer Prize-winning masterwork Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes ends its limited run July 15, after opening at.
Visit the new ESPN Audio player to hear your favorite shows and podcasts! Copenhagen is a play by Michael Frayn, based on an event that occurred in Copenhagen in , a meeting between the physicists Niels Bohr and Werner ashio-midori.com premiered in London in at the National Theatre, running for more than performances, starring David Burke (Niels Bohr), Sara Kestelman (Margrethe Bohr), and Matthew Marsh (Werner Heisenberg).
Victor Rojas returns to the television booth for his ninth season as the play-by-play voice of the Angels. Rojas will also join fellow broadcaster Mark Gubicza for a ninth season as analyst for "Angels Live", the Angels pre- and post-game shows. Angels in America study guide contains a biography of Tony Kushner, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
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