Download PDF Abstract Power quality is a set of electrical boundaries that allows a piece of equipment to function in its intended manner without significant loss of performance or life expectancy.
Operation and Maintenance Operation of FACTS in power systems is coordinated with operation of other items in the same system, for smooth and optimum function of the system. This means that each FACTS device in the system can be operated from a central control point in the grid, where the operator will have skilled human resources available for the task.
The FACTS device itself is normally unmanned, and there is normally no need for local presence in conjunction with FACTS operation, although the device itself may be located far out in the grid.
Maintenance is usu ally done in conjunction with regular system maintenance, i. It will require a planned standstill of typically a couple of days.
Tasks normally to be done are cleaning of structures and porcelains, exchanging of mechanical seals in pump motors, checking through of capacitors, checking of control and protective settings, and similar.
It can normally be done by a crew of people with engineers skill. It enables the participating parties to share the benefits of large power systems, such as optimization of power generation, utilization of differences in load profiles and pooling of reserve capacity.
From this follows not only technical and economical benefits, but also environmental, when for example surplus of clean hydro resources from one region can help to replace polluting fossil-fuelled generation in another.
For interconnections to serve their purpose, how ever, available transmission links must be powerful enough to safely transmit the amounts of power intended.
If this is not the case, from a purely technical point of view it can always be remedied by building additional lines in parallel with the existing, or by uprating the existing system s to a higher voltage.
This, however, is expensive, time-consuming, and calls for elaborate procedures for gaining the necessary permits. Also, in many cases, environmental considerations, popular opinion or other impediments will render the building of new lines as well as uprating to ultrahigh system voltages impossible in practice.
In such cases, FACTS helps to enable mutually beneficial trade of electric energy between the countries.Quality improvement is the science of process management.
When Deming and others developed their approach to modern quality improvement in the s, they were basically developing a way for modern organizations to deal with the complex challenges that were confronting them.
Table I – Most common Power Quality problems [ 1],  Description: A decrease of the normal voltage level between 10 and 90% of the nominal rms voltage at the 1.
power frequency, for durations of 0,5 cycle to 1 minute.
School leaders across the nation are exploring ways to better educate students and improve school performance. School-based management (SBM) offers a way to promote improvement by decentralizing control from central district offices to individual school sites. In , the Institute of Medicine published the report Crossing the Quality Chasm (16), which specified six goals for healthcare quality improvement efforts: that healthcare be safe, effective, patient centered, timely, efficient, and equitable.
Quality Maturity in Hospital System - Quality-of-care improvements are often the result of hospitals taking a trip through four phases of quality transformation.
Poor hospital practices and processes are like cancer: It’s sometimes difficult to know just how bad things are until the condition turns fatal. proposed control scheme to mitigate the power quality issues for power quality improvement in the grid connected wind energy generation is simulated using MATLAB/ SIMULINK in power system block set.