The war was fought largely over the independence of Cuba. Major battles took place in the Spanish colonies of Cuba and the Philippines.
No one favored Cuban independence more than Roosevelt. After a few quiet months, anchored in Havana Harbor, the Maine suddenly exploded, killing American sailors. Spain denied blowing up the Maine, but a US Navy investigation concluded that the explosion was caused by a mine. The cause of the explosion remains a mystery, but American journalists and Assistant Secretary Roosevelt, at the time, felt certain that it was a Spanish act of war.
Shortly thereafter, war was declared. Roosevelt served gallantly during this brief conflict, which lasted from May to July, An eager Roosevelt resigned his post of Assistant Secretary of the Navy and petitioned Secretary of War Alger to allow him to form a volunteer regiment.
Although he had three years of experience as a captain with the National Guard, Roosevelt deferred leadership of the regiment to Leonard Wood, a war hero with whom he was friendly. Wood, as Colonel, and Roosevelt, as Lt. Colonel, began recruiting and organizing the First U. They sorted through twenty-three thousand applications to form the regiment!
The Rough Riders participated in two important battles in Cuba. The first action they saw occurred at the Battle of Las Guasimas on June 24, where the Spanish were driven away. The Rough Riders lost seven men with thirty-four wounded.
Roosevelt narrowly avoided bullets buzzing by him into the trees, showering splinters around his face. He led troops in a flanking position and the Spanish fled. American forces then assembled for an assault on the city of Santiago through the San Juan Hills.
Colonel Wood was promoted in the field, and in response, Roosevelt happily wrote,"I got my regiment. He rode up and down the hill encouraging his men with the orders to "March!
Other regiments continued alongside him, and the American flag was raised over San Juan Heights. Hostilities ceased shortly after Santiago fell to siege, and the Treaty of Paris gave the United States its first possessions: Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.
The war had lasting impacts. The "splendid little war" lasted ten weeks.
It destroyed the Spanish Empire and ushered in a new era of American Empire. He charged on horseback to victory at Kettle Hill and, collectively, San Juan Heights, and continued riding that horse all the way to the White House just three years later.
Roosevelt was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, one hundred years later, for what was described as "…acts of bravery on 1 July,near Santiago de Cuba, Republic of Cuba, while leading a daring charge up San Juan Hill.In , the United Spanish War Veterans was created from smaller groups of the veterans of the Spanish–American War.
Today, that organization is defunct, but it left an heir in the Sons of Spanish–American War Veterans, created in at the 39th National Encampment of the United Spanish War ashio-midori.comon: Cuba and Puerto Rico (Caribbean Sea), Philippines and Guam (Asia-Pacific).
Spanish-American War, (), conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in U.S. acquisition of territories in .
The Spanish American War () quiz that tests what you know. Perfect prep for The Spanish American War () quizzes and tests you might have in school. War over Rough Riders Reign With president William McKinney taking charge in order to protect his Americans living in Cuba from the Spanish, he sent over the U.
S Maine. But on the way over, the barbarous uncivilized Spaniards blew up the ship before it could arrive at its chosen destination. History >> US History before The Spanish American War was fought between the United States and Spain in The war was fought largely over the independence of Cuba.
Major battles took place in the Spanish colonies of Cuba and the Philippines.
The war began on April 25, when the United States declared war on Spain. On February 15th, , over American sailors were killed when the battleship Maine blew up and sank in Havana harbor. The war with Spain began in April, when Major General William Shafter, a former commander of the 24th Infantry led an expeditionary force of over 17, men, including nearly 3, Black regulars, into Cuba.