Table of Contents Plot Overview The narrator begins her journal by marveling at the grandeur of the house and grounds her husband has taken for their summer vacation. She describes it in romantic terms as an aristocratic estate or even a haunted house and wonders how they were able to afford it, and why the house had been empty for so long. She complains that her husband John, who is also her doctor, belittles both her illness and her thoughts and concerns in general.
In the late s and early s, Gilman was the most important feminist thinker in the United States. Gilman combined economic and sociological writings with fiction and utopian thinking, giving her a broad appeal.
Her lectures, novels, short stories, magazine articles including her best known work, "The Yellow Wallpaper"and nonfiction books challenged the dominant ideas about women's role in society and helped shape the movement for women's suffrage and women's rights.
Some of her radical ideas are now considered common sense, but even today some of Gilman's views test our willingness to think differently about gender, family, and work.
Born in in Hartford, Connecticut, Gilman came from a remarkable lineage. Her great-uncles and great-aunts included the well-known minister Henry Ward Beecher, the noted theologian Edward Beecher, the abolitionist minister and author Charles Beecher, the educator Catharine Beecher, the suffragist Isabella Beecher Hooker, and Harriet Beecher Stowe, the abolitionist and novelist most famous for Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Despite this impressive bloodline, Gilman grew up in a poor family in Providence, Rhode Island. Her father abandoned his wife, who had to depend on family charity and was forced to move frequently.
As a girl, Gilman wrote stories in her diary that typically involved a young woman who -- often through some magical device -- overcomes the limits of her life.
With an older woman as her guide, she achieves personal salvation and overcomes evil in society. These themes -- of independent women surmounting social boundaries, not simply as individuals but as part of a broader social reconstruction -- appear in Gilman's influential writings throughout her life.
Gilman briefly attended college, married Charles Stetson, an artist, inand gave birth to her only child the following year.
Before they married, Gilman insisted that Stetson agreed to never expect her to cook or clean and never require her, "whatever the emergency, to dust. She entered a sanitarium in Philadelphia to undergo the "rest cure," a controversial treatment that prohibited intellectual stimulation and most forms of physical activity.
Inshe moved to Pasadena, California with her daughter and got a divorce, a bold and scandalous decision at the time. The move helped her recover from her emotional trauma. While living in Pasadena she wrote an autobiographical short story "The Yellow Wallpaper," published inthat described a woman who suffers a mental breakdown after three months of being trapped at home, hallucinating as she stares at the patterns on the yellow wallpaper.
The story was a powerful statement about the restrictions domestic life placed on women and had a significant influence in women's circles. It is Gilman's most famous work, still discussed in many college courses. To earn money and pay back her debts, she began writing stories and poems, publishing them in various journals and magazines.
She briefly moved to Chicago to live at Hull House, the epicenter of progressive reform founded by Jane Addams. Gilman was one of many people inspired by Edward Bellamy and his utopian novels Looking Backward: Gilman soon became a popular lecturer, traveling around the country talking to women's clubs, social groups, and workingmen's associations, where she not only discussed Bellamy's radical ideas but also talked about women's issues.
Gilman could not take her daughter with her on the road, so she put the girl in the care of her ex-husband -- a decision that was reported in the newspapers and was considered scandalous. Inshe married her first cousin, Houghton Gilman.
Gilman was probably the most effective debater among suffragettes of her era. Anthony's invitation, she addressed the conference of the National American Woman Suffrage Association in Washington, DC and testified before Congress in favor of women's suffrage. Later that year she traveled to London to speak at the International Socialist and Labor Congress, where she met George Bernard Shaw, Beatrice and Sidney Webb, and other major socialist thinkers and activists, As a writer and lecturer, she popularized new ideas about women's equality.
Her book Women and Economics: She followed this controversial book with The HomeHuman Workand The Man-Made Worldwhich all furthered her reputation as a bold thinker and entertaining speaker.
In the debate over gender equality, Gilman's views were somewhat ambivalent. At times she contended that women and men shared a common "humanity," but at other times she argued that women's essential nature was superior to that of men -- more nurturing and cooperative.
Gilman argued that maternal skills were not natural and that women needed training to be good mothers. Gilman believed that women would be equal to men only when they were economically independent. The unpaid labor that women perform in the home -- child rearing, cooking, cleaning, and other activities -- was, she believed, a form of oppression.
Society had to accept the idea of women, even married women, having careers.
She encouraged women to work outside the home and maintained that men and women should share housework.“The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a poem about women facing unequal marriages, and women not being able to express themselves the way they want too.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman was born in , and died in Jennie - John’s ashio-midori.com acts as housekeeper for the couple. Her presence and her contentment with a domestic role intensify the narrator’s feelings of guilt . Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” is written as a series of entries in a secret diary.
Through this intimate medium the narrator describes her three-month stay in. The Yellow Wallpaper is a feminist text, because it promotes new ideas from Gilman and challenges old ideas about women’s position in society.
Gilman shows a female heroine that overcomes oppression in many forms to find her own opportunities for personal choice. No celebration of Women’s History Month would be complete without acknowledging the extraordinary achievements of Charlotte Perkins Gilman.
In the late s and early s, Gilman was the most important feminist thinker in the United States. The Challenges Women Are Faced With in The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and What If Shakespeare Had a Sister PAGES 2.
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